Climate History
Climate changes in the deep past of Earth provides strong evidence that we
​are in a committed global warming planetary emergency.

The WMO (2017) and latest research April 2019 (Mid-Pleistocene transition in glacial cycles, 2019 W. Williet                                              confirms that atmospheric CO2 is the 
highest in at least 3-5 million years.

​ The same research confirms that over this time period surface temperatures have never reached                                                         2C higher than the pre-industrial degree.                                                                                                    

​ 2009 research had found that atmospheric CO2 could be the highest in 15 million years. ​​


Scientists can ​tell the state of past climates by examining ice cores, animal  ​and plant fossils,                                                                  preserved pollen
 and tree rings. 

​The deepest ice core from Antarctica goes back 800,000 years

​​Global temperatures and atmospheric CO2 concentrations have been much higher in the deep past.

​However the ice cores show  that today's atmospheric CO2 methane is far higher than any time in the past                                              800,0000 years. The rate of global warming today is  extremely high.

​Atmospheric CO2 (411 ppm April 2019) is 37% higher than its 800,000 year limit (300 ppm).

​Atmospheric methane (1800 ppb) is 160% or over two and a half times higher   that its                                                                      pre-industrial level(722 ppb).  

Furthermore the rate of increase ​in atmospheric CO2 is ​unprecedented (IPCC and WMO).

Allianz (Insurance) Climate timeline - A short history of the Earth's climate





Over millions of years the climate is controlled by the sinking of carbon from atmospheric CO2.
What we call fossil fuels are the land fossil carbon sinks that has allowed live oxygen dependent life to evolve  ​to the great biodiversity of today. Most of the Earth coal deposits are 250 million years old or more.  

The land carbon sink of fossil carbon has been reversed by industrialized civilization burning coal oil and gas.


The only carbon sink now is the ocean that sinks carbon as carbonate rock- limestone and dolomite, over 100,000s of years.​  
 CLIMATE SYSTEM EMERGENCY INSTITUTE

 The health and human rights approach to climate change​
Atmospheric CO2 could be      a 15 million year high